Court Ignores the CRPD:

A child with disabilities was rejected to enroll a regular school.

●Outline of the Case

     Kazuki, who have entered special school in April 2018, and his parents sued Kawasaki city and Kanagawa prefecture on July 11th, 2018. They argued that refusal to enter regular school in his community is illegal.

     Kazuki has been diagnosed with congenital myopathy. He has weak muscles so that he uses the wheelchair, ventilator, and phlegm aspiration device. He needs medical care at school.

     His parents wanted him to go to regular school in his community, and his doctor says it is capable for him. They applied in November 2017. But the educational board of Kawasaki alleged that he needed special training in a special school in February 2018, and in March Kanagawa prefecture designated a special school as a school where he should enroll. His father strongly appealed over the first oral argument, "Why the educational board of Kawasaki decides that special school is the only choice that he can stay relieved and safe?".

●The First Trial Decision

     At the first trial in March 2020, the Yokohama District Court rejected the plaintiff's claim that it was illegal to designate the special school as an enrollment.

     This judicial decision did not mention the Convention on Rights of Person with Disabilities. It did not consider how Kazuki study at regular school. The decision also ignored the processes of consensus formation which has been argued in the examination of a witness.

     Some observers said, "In Hokkaido, there were cases that some children transferred from special schools to regular schools. Why not in Kawasaki?".

Summary of Decision

●statements

〇テレビ

・NHKハートネットテレビ「ぼくは学校に行きたい ~医療的ケア児とインクルーシブ教育~」記事公開日:2020年03月13日

https://www.nhk.or.jp/heart-net/article/324/

 

〇新聞記事

・2020年3月14日 神奈川新聞「共生を求めて(1)子どもの輪に入りたい」https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/social/entry-299372.html

 

・2020年1月9日 神奈川新聞「『共生の機会奪ってる』障害児就学訴訟が結審、3月判決」https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/social/entry-239175.html

 

・2020年3月19日 東京新聞 「障害児の希望校、認めず 就学先指定『差別なし』横浜地裁判決」https://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/17481

 

・2020年7月14日 朝日新聞デジタル(有料会員記事)「8歳の願い、世田谷に転居で実現 人工呼吸器で公立小へ」https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASN7F75SYN7FULOB00Y.html

 

・2020年10月23日 朝日新聞デジタル「医療的ケア児、就学先めぐり平行線 両親と相模原市教委」https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASNBQ6W42NB1ULOB01V.html

 

・2020年12月15日 神奈川新聞 「原告『共に学ぶ機会、川崎市が奪った』重度障害児就学訴訟」https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/social/article-335191.html

 

・2020年12月24日 毎日新聞(有料記事) 回想2020 「相模原事件と川崎市立小の就学拒否 「共生社会」はどこに 障害者/健常者、排除されぬ壁」/神奈川神奈川

https://mainichi.jp/articles/20201224/ddl/k14/040/107000c

〇特集記事

・2020年3月20日 ダイヤモンド・オンライン「『人工呼吸器でも普通学級で学びたい』重度障害児の訴えはなぜ退けられたか」福原麻希  https://diamond.jp/articles/-/232335

 

・2020年12月31日 ダイヤモンド・オンライン「普通学校の医療的ケア児受け入れ、川崎市でなく世田谷区で可能だった理由」福原麻希 https://diamond.jp/articles/-/258251

 

・2020年7月21日 参議院議員船後靖彦オフィシャルサイト「呼吸器をつけた児童の転校について」https://yasuhiko-funago.jp/page-200717/

●coverage